A spinner consists of a spinning disk with divisions around its edge that spins around the base of a bowl. A ball is spun around the outside of the bowl until finally the ball and wheel come to rest with the ball in one of the divisions.
The divisions around the wheel are numbered 1-36 in a seemingly random pattern and alternate red and black. In addition, there is a green division numbered 0. On the American tables there is only an additional second green division marked 00 and it is largely this that makes the American version of roulette a worse proposition financially. than the European game.
Before rolling the ball, people bet on the number that will come up by depositing the chips on a betting mat; the exact location of the chips indicates the bet that is made. Roulette is a game of French origin and, on a traditional table, the French betting area terms continue to be used even in English-speaking areas. However, most US tables use English terms and a slightly different style mat.
Much of the interest in roulette is due to the number of bets that can be made and the associated odds. The basic bets are the same for all forms of modern Roulette. Below is a list of all available bets sorted by the odds associated with the bet (English and French terms are indicated):
– Red / Rouge: a red number
– Black / Noir: a black number
– Par: an even number
– Odd / Impair: an odd number
– Low bet / Manque: numbers 1 – 18 (Manque means “failed” in French and is used because the ball has not passed 18)
– High bet / Passe: numbers 19 – 36 (Passe is so called because it has “passed” the central point)
2 to 1
– First dozen / Premiere douzaine: numbers 1 – 12 ( On the French-style mat, the square marked 12P)
– Intermediate Dozen / Moyenne douzaine: numbers 13 – 24 (On the French-style mat, the square marked 12M)
– Last Dozen / Dernier douzaine: numbers 25 – 36 ( On the French rug, the square marked 12D)
– Column / Colonne: a column of 12 numbers (The special box at the end of one of the three columns of twelve numbers)
– 5 to 1 – Line Bet / Sixain: 6 numbers (Place the bet on the intersection of the edge of two rows of three numbers to bet on those 2 rows)
– 8 to 1 – Corner Bet / Carre: 4 numbers (Place the bet on the intersection of a square of four numbers)
– 11 to 1 – Street Bet / Carre simple or Transversal: a row of 3 numbers (Place the bet in the middle of the line that forms the end of the row of three numbers to bet)
– 17 to 1: Split bet / En Chaval: a pair of numbers (Place the bet through the line that divides the two numbers to bet
– 35 to 1: En plein: a single number (Place the bet in the box that indicates the number in question. Bets on zero are allowed)
Bets on six numbers or less are called “inside bets”. Bets on 12 numbers or more are called “Outside bets”.
European Roulette Rules
Assuming all possible bets are understood, Roulette is essentially a trivial and simple game to play. On each turn, once all bets have been placed using colored chips to distinguish each player, the dealer stops betting, spins the wheel and rolls the ball in the opposite direction. When the ball stops in one of the slots, the dealer announces the result, collects all losing bets and pays the winner’s winnings.
There are other optional rules that some casinos and houses play. La Partage and En Prison roulette rules halve the casino edge on even money bets. If you are playing at home, decide at the outset which, if any, of the following rules you would like to play.
“En Prison” Rule
This is a roulette rule that can only be applied to even money bets. When a zero appears, the player has two options:
– Take back half of the bet and lose the other half.
– Leave the bet (in prison = in prison) for the next spin of the wheel for an all or nothing bet. If the next roll is zero again, or does not match the jailed bet, then the entire bet is lost. Otherwise, if the result of the next spin matches the bet, the player’s money is returned.
Rules of “La Partage”
The “la partage” roulette rule is similar to the “en prison” rule, only in this case the player has no choice when a zero appears and simply loses half of the bet.
Maximum and minimum bets
Casinos usually set a maximum and minimum bet for table roulette and sometimes it is also done for recreational play. Normally, for each spin of the wheel, if a player the total amount of inside bets must exceed the minimum bet. The maximum bet indicated usually shows only the maximum allowed for a “straight” bet on a single number. The maximum bets for other types of bets increase proportionally, for example, the maximum bet allowed for a pair of numbers is twice the maximum straight bet, the maximum allowed for a corner bet is 4 times the maximum straight and so on. So really the limitation is on how much the casino can lose!
North American Roulette Rules
In North America and the Caribbean, roulette wheels have a double zero, and all bets (except a straight bet on the selected zero) are lost when either zero appears. The result is a much lower probability for the player and an increase in the casino ‘s profit . This is probably the reason why roulette is less popular in this region than in other parts of the world.
The rules are the same as European roulette, except that the double zero works the same way as the single zero result.
Some American casinos allow an additional bet called the “basket bet”, which is made by placing the chips in the same way as for a line bet on the outside of the dividing line between the row of zero and the row containing 1, 2 and 3. This bet normally pays 6 to 1, which gives it a worse odds than any other roulette bet.
The original old roulette game
In the original French roulette, the numbers from 1 to 36 had the zero and the “double zero”. The zero was red and also counted as “Par” and “Manque”; the double zero was black and also counted as “Impair” and “Passe”.
If the ball landed in one of the two zero divisions, all losing bets were taken by the bank, but if the bet was matched by being “Pair”, “Impair”, “Rouge”, “Noir”, “Passe” o “Manque”, instead of being won, the bet was imprisoned until the next spin of the wheel. On that next spin, the bet was lost or if the ball hit the bet again, the bet was simply returned to the player with no benefit.
So what are you waiting for? Now that you know the roulette wheel and the roulette tables, as well as the rules of the game, you can go try your luck. You can win big, as long as you play carefully.
I wish you the best!